- A term or phrase that is applied to something to which it is not literally applicable in order to suggest a resemblance.
  • "...a sudden emptiness seemed to flow now from the windows and the great doors.." (pg. 55)
  • "...a white ashen dust veiled his dark suit and his pale hair as it veiled everything in the vicinity." (pg. 26)
  • "The eyes of Doctor T.J Eckleburg are blue and gigantic---their retinas are one yard high." (pg. 23)
  • "My own house was an eyesore." (pg. 5)
  • "...frosted wedding cake of the ceiling.." (pg. 8)
  • " if he were related to one of those intricate machines..." (pg. 2)
  • "I had no sight into Daisy's heart." (pg. 6)
  • "Conduct may be found on the hard rock or the wet marshes." (pg. 2)
  • "...advice that I've been turning over in my mind..." (pg. 1)
  • "...This fella's a regular Belasco." (pg. 50)
- The use of the same consonant or vowel at the beginning of each stressed word or stressed syallable.
  • "The moon had risen higher and floating in the sound was a triangle of silver scales, trembling a little to the stiff, tiny drip..." (pg. 47)
  • "Not even the effimanate swank of his riding clothes could hide the enormous power of that body." (pg. 7)
  • "...her husband.." and "..people played polo.." (pg. 10)
  • "...she smiled slowly.." (pg. 30)
  • "Mrs. Wilson had changed her costume sometime before, and was now attired in an elaborate afternoon dress of cream-colored chiffon, which gave out a continual rustle as she swept about the room." (pg. 30)
  • "...sun-strained..." (pg. 63)
  • "...white-washed..." (pg. 28)
  • " business..." (pg. 7)
- An extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally.
  • "...their retinas are one yard high..." (pg. 23)
  • "I'm paralyzed with happiness." (pg. 8)
- The attribution of a personal nature or character to inanimated objects or abstract notions.
  • "The lawn started at the beach and ran toward the front door..." (pg. 6)
  • "...until the air is alive with chatter and laughter." (pg. 40)
  • "...occasionally a line of gray cars crawls..."
  • "...the groan of a picture..." (pg. 8)
  • "I wanted the world to be in uniform..." (pg. 2)
  • "...a ford which crouched in a dim corner..." (pg. 25)
  • "...young breath-giving air..." (pg. 8)
  • "...her voice glowing and singing.." (pg. 14)
  • "...invisible hedge..." (pg. 47)
- To show or indicate beforehand.
  • "I've been drunk twice in my life, and the second was that night." (pg. 29)
  • " I am one of the few honest people that I have ever known." (pg. 6)
  • "...don't believe anything you hear..." (pg. 19)
  • "...if we don't look out, the white race will be utterly submersed." (pg. 13)
- An event or scene taking place before the present time in the narrative is inserted into the chronological structure of the work.
  • "Most of the time I worked. In the early morning the sun cast my shadows westward as I..." (pg. 61)
  • "...young clerks in the dusk, wasting the most poignanat moments of night and life..." (pg. 61)
- When a word is formed from a sound. Ex: Sizzle
  • "Boom of the bass drum.." (pg. 49)
  • "Ahhhh..." (pg. 59)
  • "Then there was a boom as Tom Buchanan shut the rear windows..."
- A graphic or vivid verbal description
  • "I'm pretty cynical...-sophisticated- God, I'm sophisticated! - (pg. 16-17) Was describing Daisy indirectly with her own words.
  • Taken from sticky note - In East Egg, reality is covered with pleasant appearances. Tom is rude, and dishonest. He makes racist remarks at dinner, and has a woman in the side! Daisy tries so hard to be shallow, she even went as far as saying that she hopes her daughter will grow up to be a fool, because women apparently live better as beautiful fools. *This is characterization, because it describes personality and feelings.
- Sudden insight into reality or the meaning of something. Usually sparked by a common occurrence.
  • "How do you get to West Egg village?" he asked hopelessly. I told him. And as I walked on I was lonely no longer. I was a guide, a pathfinder, an original settler. He had casually conferred on me the freedom of the neighborhood." (pg.4)
Visually descriptive or figurative language. Usually relates to the five senses.
  • "So with the sunshine and the great bursts of leaves growing on the trees..." (pg.4)
  • "My family have been prominent, well-to-do people in this middle western city for three generations. The Carraways are something of a clan and we have a tradition that we're descended from the Dukes of Buccleuch, but the actual founder of my line was my grandfather's brother who came here in fifty-one, sent a substitute to the Civil War and started the wholesale hardware business that my father carries on today." (pg.6)
  • "and I had just left the country of wide lawns and friendly trees..." (pg.7) The description of the trees and lawns gives an image of the country.
  • "half acre of deep, pungent roses, and a snub-nosed motor-boat that bumped the tide offshore." (pg. 7)
  • "And I sat there, brooding on the old unknown world, I thought of Gatsby's wonder when he first picked out the green light at the end of Daisy's dock. He had come a long way to this blue lawn and his dream must have seemed so close that he could hardly fail to grasp it. He did not know that it was already behind him, somewhere back in that vast obscurity beyond the city, where the dark fields of the republic rolled on under the night." (pg. 189)
  • ".. autumn leaf yellow of her hair.." (pg. 17)
  • "The wind had blown off, leaving a loud, bright night, with wings beating in the trees and a persistant organ sound as the full belows of the earth blew the frongs full of life." (pg. 20)
  • "His wife was shrill, languid, handsome, and horrible." (pg. 30)
  • "... the late afternoon sky bloomed in the window for a moment like the blue honey of the Mediterranean." (pg. 34)
  • "...make a Christmas tree of Gatsby's enormous garden.." (pg.40)
  • "...assumed an inky color, and pursued the rest of their way in slow black rivolets." (pg. 51)

-a comparison of two things using like or as.

  • "The middle west now seemed like the raggad edge of the universe." pg 3
  • "They stood on my shelf in red and gold like new money from the mint." pg 4
  • "Blew curtains in at one end and out the other like pale flags." pg 8
  • "As wind does on the sea..." pg 8
  • "And so with the sunshine and the great bursts of leaves growing on the trees- juast as things from in movies..." pg 8
  • "As cool as their white dresse..." pg 13
  • "Then the glow faded, each light deserting her with lingering regret, like children leaving a pleasant street at dusk..." pg 14
  • "A fantastic farm, where ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens..." pg 23
  • The late afternoon sky bloomed in the window for a moment like the blue honey of the Mediterranean." pg 34
  • "Felt just as good on nothing at all..." pg 35
  • "Mr. McKee was asleep on a chair with his fists clenched in his lap, like a photograph of a man of action..." pg 36
  • "In his blue gardens, men and women came and went like moths among the whisperings and the champagne and the stars." pg 39
  • "His station wagon scampered like a brisk yellow bug to meet all trains..." pg 39
  • "Like an angry diamond..." pg 56
  • "Flipped up their noses like goats." pg 66

- Use of language that normally signifies the opposite of what is intended.
  • Tom being married and Myrtle being married. Both are in love with each other, but married to people that don't really love. *This is irony, because they both want to be together, but are in separate relationships.* (pg.33)
  • The author uses irony when he claims Gatsby and him are good friends, but scarcely knew him. *Irony, because they become great friends later on.* (pg. 11)